Education plays a critical role in the development of a country. China has a long history, and then the education heritage is particularly rich. Therefore, China has been accumulated a tremendous wealth of information and experience of education system. Before , China was in the feudal society. Mar 25, · These are just some of the issues, but let me make it clear - this doesn’t mean that Chinese education is necessarily bad. Every system has problems, but the big issue in China is the simple refusal to do something about the issues; there are enough papers written on the issues, but not enough action based on them. The problems with education in China are: 1. Students lose aims at very young ages. If you ask an average Chinese high school student why he needs to study, his answer generally doesn't go beyond getting enrolled at a good college. People study so they could pass one test . But Yong Zhao's book, "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Dragon?" takes a critical look major flaws in China's education system. Zhao argues that its focus on test taking can rob students of utrnxh.mesavnasa.info: Abby Jackson. May 01, · Chinese Education System and the American Education System Essay Words | 7 Pages ENG Chinese education system and the American education system The differences between the Chinese education and the American education are more obvious in people’s mind, not only to the international students, but also to the native students and some people who study on this.
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It was a decisive period for New China.
Education Issues in China Essay
It is a time of extreme tension and high stakes, one in which China faces major political decisions that may well determine its direction not only for the next few years, but, as many feel, for long into the future.
At this juncture a more lowly Party member than the late Chairman has offered his version of the problems facing the restive and fractured nation. He frames them as monumentally important issues that have grown in scale and gravity as a result of a stability obsessed government that, under the cover of consensual politics, has allowed pressing concerns to fester.
During the present power transition, one that began as early as , individuals and groups have been vying to provide intellectual and strategic advice to the contenders for power.
Writing for Reuters, Chris Buckley reports that the putative future Party General Secretary and President of China, Xi Jinping, is taking note, and even attempting to quell the disquiet before a Chinese version of the trahison de clercs sets off an unpredictable chain of events. Agitators on the left and the right call for drastic action to be taken against endemic corruption; others warn that any concerted effort in this regard would not only encounter serious opposition, it may well presage, or indeed incite, top-down socio-political instability.
Many of the issues raised below are touched on in our recently published China Story Yearbook Red Rising Red Eclipse , available on this site. The first section of this essay reviews the achievements of the Hu-Wen administration over the past decade from a historical point of view. Generally speaking, China has made considerable progress during this time.
However, as mentioned above, behind the successes, problems have proliferated. To be frank, the problems that were engendered and spawned during the last decade may well outweigh the achievements. For the Communist Party, the biggest and most urgent issue to be addressed is that, in the course of leading people towards a well-off and affluent society, the Party has come to confront a crisis over the legitimacy of its rule that has resulted from: its failure to address the widening income gap; worsening corruption; inability to effectively achieve social integration; and, failure to meet public demands for increased democracy.
There has been a failure to build a domestic demand-driven economy, and a failure to implement effective policies to reform wealth distribution and prevent the income gap from widening. Despite a few rounds of new regulations governing the real estate market, the results remain uncertain.
A social security system has been established but remains rudimentary. There has been a failure to make the residency permit system independent from public services, this in turn prevents migrant workers from being integrated into the cities despite rapid urbanization.
The problems related to an aging population have been exacerbated and there is a big lag between population policies and social reality.
Environmental pollution has increased and shows no signs of improving. The education system is becoming more and more bureaucratized and its guiding philosophy is in dire need of fundamental rethinking.
Some significant results have been achieved as regards scientific research, but few are truly original or in the fields of basic science. Morality is collapsing; the core values of society are becoming more and more elusive. Social stratification is becoming more rigid and institutionalized.
Conflicts between the government and people are becoming more and more radical. There has been a failure to nurture and enlarge a middle class, etc. Vulnerable to fluctuations of the external economic environment, the current development model is an obstacle to long-term prosperity.
However, restrained by vested interest groups including regional governments, little has been done in this regard. In particular, following the global financial crisis priority shifted from reform and restructuring to merely maintaining growth. Failure to nurture and grow a middle class The history of modern states indicates that the middle class is the cornerstone of social stability and prosperity.
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But certain conditions need to be created to help a middle class grow: the middle class should be the mainstay of class structure, and the government needs to work to ensure the growth of the middle class through adjusting policies concerning income, housing and social security.
In the last decade, benefiting from the economic boom, the sheer number of middle class people increased. However, the growth rate lags far behind general economic growth rates, as a result of the lack of any mechanism to nurture the middle class. As regards income distribution, reform has stagnated, resulting in an ever-increasing gap between rich and poor.
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The road leading towards the middle class is becoming even bumpier for low-income households. These are just some areas where the government should have done better. The rural-urban gap has increased The residence permit system used to be the main tool used to rein in urban migration, in particular, the migration of farmers. In the past decade, despite increasing migration, the residence permit system remains tied to public services, and influences local government tax incomes and regional economic growth, therefore there is little incentive for reform.
Some small cities have loosened their controls, but barriers remain high, and migrant workers still have great difficulties adapting to cities and obtaining new urban identities. The delay of residence permit reform has also radicalised conflicts between the countryside and cities, exacerbated government land sales and worsened the situation of landless farmers.
Population policy lags behind reality The population is aging at an accelerated rate. The bureaucratization and profit-incentivisation of educational and scientific research institutions shows no indication of being ameliorated and it continues to stifle creativity. Education and scientific research is the foundation of a country.
In the past decade, even though major progress has been made, quantity instead of quality is given priority. Few great scientists have emerged and original results are scarce.
All these impair the realization of the goal of constructing an innovative country. The bureaucratization of the educational system has became more entrenched. Environmental pollution continues to worsen There has been no improvement in environmental protection. Over the past decade, large numbers of energy-intensive, highly polluting projects have been launched, leading to further damage of our shared homeland and further diminishing the quality of life.
Welfare and life itself is threatened by pollution.
An Essay on Education System in China for Students and Kids
Over the past decade, though China has been actively seeking to expand its overseas markets and develop new energy technologies, it has failed to build either a stable energy supply network or the necessary military prowess to safeguard such a network, while the development of new energy technologies remains rudimentary.
Moral lapses and the collapse of ideology. The government has failed to build an effective and convincing value system that can be accepted by the majority of its people If a society is unable to prevent moral standards from degenerating, and if its members are unrestrained by any moral principle and have no sense of shame and see nothing but profit as their goal in life, it will soon descend to the level of the jungle. In the past decade, while the economy has developed rapidly, the state of morality has declined.
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In a time when old moral standards have collapsed, and the ideology developed during the revolutionary era has become bankrupt, a modern moral system suitable for a new market economy and commercial civilisation has failed to fill in the gap. As a result, there are no guiding principles for the society.
This trend has hardly been reversed in the past decade. China has landing itself in a passive position. In the past decade, even though China has gained in power when it comes to deciding international affairs and putting forth a set of principles and targets as regards the world order, the state has failed to transform this potential into deeds.
Insufficient efforts in pushing political reform and promoting democracy There is a long way to go before the ideal of returning power to the people. This is the biggest and the most challenging problem. It should be done methodically and with caution. However, the state should at least make some gesture to show that the Party is sincere in its efforts to give people some hope, instead of dithering when faced with difficulties. In fact, the solution to all these problems lies with the reform of the political system, and how profound political reform will be.
One era is coming to an end, and another is beginning. For a variety of reasons, Hu and Wen have failed to make positive progress in the above-mentioned areas. Source In Chinese: at Political China.
American Education System Essay
In English: at Chinese Elections and Governance. Although his name is not blocked, the titles of his essays are. About Style Guide Contact. Grave Problem 2 Failure to nurture and grow a middle class The history of modern states indicates that the middle class is the cornerstone of social stability and prosperity.
Grave Problem 3 The rural-urban gap has increased The residence permit system used to be the main tool used to rein in urban migration, in particular, the migration of farmers.
Grave Problem 4 Population policy lags behind reality The population is aging at an accelerated rate. Grave Problem 5 The bureaucratization and profit-incentivisation of educational and scientific research institutions shows no indication of being ameliorated and it continues to stifle creativity. Grave Problem 6 Environmental pollution continues to worsen There has been no improvement in environmental protection.
Grave Problem 8 Moral lapses and the collapse of ideology. Grave Problem 10 Insufficient efforts in pushing political reform and promoting democracy There is a long way to go before the ideal of returning power to the people. For this reason we should feel a sense of crisis.